Begnas Bee Hive Industry located at Begnas lake Pokhara.I am a 33 years young man from Lekhnath-9 Kaski, Nepal. I am a commercial beekeeping in my own hometown. Pokhara is the most beautiful and touristy city of Nepal. The environment of Pokhara is very much favorable for beekeeping. I am not an extra ordinary person but I get inspired from my own home town.. I had many colleagues from my childhood but today most of them went abroad for employment. My openion is to be an example in my society. I have a big dream to become bee farmer. When I was a child, I was fond of having honey and wished to make my own bee farm. When I was 21 years, I looked for different kinds of job for better lifestyle. Most of the youth use to go abroad for employment but instead of going abroad, I made a strong decision to do something in my motherland. At the same time, I heard about “Beekeeping in Nepal”. I was happy to know about my own hobby and soon decided to dramatize my dream. In the year 2000AD, I started to collect more and recent information’s about modern techniques about bee farming in the context of Nepali environment.
The history of beehive starts from the wild bees which keep their hive in the dry woods that are hollow within them. Even in modern age they may be found in the similar hives. The development in the field of bee farming emerges new, modified and efficient hives for the commercial production of honey. In the primitive type of hives, honey could only be drawn twice in year maximally while the use of modern hives can make us able to draw honey more than nine times per year. Beehives usually have two compartments, one is used for growing babies while another for collecting honey. We are providing modern and well equipped beehives locally in our hometown. The major type of beehives that we manufacture are Newton A and Newton B. We also provide many other devices that assist a farmer to extract honey. Hives can be made from various types of woods, the major and the best wood among our application is of Toni’s. Others that can be used are Mango tree, Bakaino etc.
Honey, sweet, thick, supersaturated sugar solution manufactured by bees to feed their larvae and for subsistence in winter. The nectar of flowers is ingested by worker bees and converted to honey in special sacs in their esophagi. It is stored and aged in combs in their hives. Bee honey is an important constituent of the diet of many animals, such as bears and badgers, and is put to many uses by humans. Other insects, such as the honey ant and various aphids, manufacture a honey like substance from flowers, from the honeydew of plants, or from the sweet secretions elaborated by other insects.
Bee honey is composed of fructose, glucose, and water, in varying proportions; it also contains several enzymes and oils. The color and flavor depend on the age of the honey and on the source of the nectar.
Honey has a fuel value of about 3307 cal/kg (about 1520 cal/lb). It readily picks up moisture from the air and is consequently used as a moistening agent for tobacco and in baking. Glucose crystallizes out of honey on standing at room temperature, leaving an uncrystallized layer of dissolved fructose. Honey to be marketed is usually heated by special processes to about 66° C (about 150° F) to dissolve the crystals and is poured into containers that are then sealed to prevent crystallization. The fructose in crystallized honey ferments readily at about 16° C (about 60° F) or over. Fermented honey is used to make honey wine or mead. Honey is marketed in the original comb as comb honey, or centrifuged out of the comb and sold as extracted honey. Chunk honey consists of pieces of comb honey suspended in extracted liquid honey.
Lastly, I would like to request all the corresponding organizations and authorities to support me morally an financially in developing apiculture profession as a established scope in Nepal and to maintain balance in the ecosystem.
Since 2004, I started culturing bee. I took references from many other farmers and organizations dealing with beekeeping. Today, I am one of the established beekeeping of Pokhara. I supplies beehives along with or without bees inside it and all other devices and materials generally used for culturing bee. I have only “Cerena bee” which is the most common type of bee cultured in Nepal. I had started my business from the bottom level and today my introduction is associated with the. People often call me as; Bee sir. Today, I am able to support and advise other peoples who are interested in this profession. It is really very funny and interesting to be engaged with the little lives like bee. Their unity to achieve goal and dependence upon each other is impressive and we can even get knowledge of unity from them. They are very responsible for their union.
In order to start apiculture, I was trained by Lekhnath Chamber of Commerce as well as I had received some financial help from them. Now, I use to give volunteer services to the people who are interested about bee and also train them about bee farming from the side of LCCI. When I got leisure time, I use to work and play with bee as well as I try to give different way for the advertisement of my profession such as by keeping them over my whole body. People from different agricultural sectors visit me to learn different techniques and the way I employed to develop my beehive industry.
From this beehive industry I collects “modern beehive”, ”honey”, bee wax, kut, royal jelly, honeycomb, and honey tonic. I sell it locally from the industry or during festivals. In our Hindu religion, honey is considered as an important material for worshiping our god. It also a component of panchamrit .
There had been published about my beehive industry and bee farming in different local and national newspapers. Many people visit my industry frequently to get some knowledge about the challenges and complications of this occupation, and the way to overcome such difficulties.
I use to collect more then 20kg honey pre year from a single hive. Every year, I can earn Rs. 400000-500000 by selling the hives, bee colony, honey and other materials required for bee farming. Annually, I use to produce 1500-2000 beehives and also I have bee farm where I have kept more then 100 beehives. At the same time, I use to sale and buy beehives. It doesn’t seem forever the same. I buy bee colony from my customers and sale them to new customers.
Now we have “Lekhnath Bee farmers Co-operative Limited” in Lekhnath Municipality. I’m servicing as an active member in the organization. As well as I’m an active member of “Nepal Bee Farmers Association”.
I want to develop ‘bee farm’ and ‘beehives’ industries as national business in Nepal. It is truly vast better for our health. Organic honey is very much fruitful for our health my vision is to produce organic honey and to play a role in building strong nutritional hygiene. This will also helps to play a role in solving the unemployment problem of Nepal, which would also reduce the mass flow towards abroad for employment.
Different people enjoy their own behaviors and like to be engaged in the works they really like to do. I also have many wishes and hobbies, the most important of which are as listed below: