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Farming

Farming

Class Insecta
Family Apidae
Names

Reproductive female: Queen

Non-reproductive female: Worker

Male: Drone

Range All continents except Antarctica.
Habitat Open woodland, grasslands, and forests.
Size

Queen: 16 to 20 mm (0.63 to 0.79 in).

Worker: 10 to 15 mm (0.39 to 0.59 in).

Drone: 14 to 18 mm (0.55 to 0.71 in).

Feeding Habits

Honey bees are herbivores; they eat nectar and honey. Larvae eat pollen and royal jelly, which is secreted by worker bees.

Offspring The queen bee lays all of the eggs for her hive—sometimes more than 1500 a day. The eggs, laid in the cells of the honeycomb, hatch in three days.
Life Span Queen bees live for one to three years, while workers and drones live for about five weeks.
Did You Know? A healthy bee colony can have as many as 100,000 bees.
Worker bees communicate with a dance, indicating the distance to and direction of a nectar source.
The drone's only function is to mate with the queen.
Worker bees maintain the temperature of the hive by beating their wings.
Only worker bees can produce the wax used to build the hive.

An ancient and widespread profession, beekeeping is believed to have originated in the Middle East. The early Egyptians kept bees and traded for honey and beeswax along the East African coast several thousand years ago. Until 1851, beekeepers harvested honey and beeswax by killing the colonies inhabiting the hives. In that year the American apiarist Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth discovered the principle of “bee space”: Bees leave spaces of about 0.6 cm (about 0.23 in) between wax combs. In artificial hives, if this space is left between adjacent comb frames and between the end frames and the walls of the hive, each comb will remain unattached to neighboring combs. Langstroth’s discovery made it possible to remove individual frames from a beehive and to harvest honey and wax without destroying the colony. It also became possible to control disease and to maintain a larger number of colonies.

Bee is very useful insect. It has different kinds and species but the most commonly kept bees in Nepal is the one called Cerena Bee. Bee is commercially important insect for the production of honey as well as serving as a mean of fertilization in the flower of many plants. They cause entomophilic pollination during the search of nectar in flowers and help farmers indirectly by increasing their production rates. According to the work distribution and reproductive activity, there are major three classes of bees, namely Queen, Worker bee and drone (male bee)

Queen Bee

A queen is the largest bee of all three classes. It is the female reproductive bee. There is usually a single queen present in a swarm of bee. It has life span from one to three years. All the progeny in a honeycomb are produced from the single queen.


Worker Bee

These are non reproductive female bees which are the smallest in their size. These are the physically most active type of the bee. Some of them take care of their offspring’s in the honeycomb while others are involved in the accumulation of nectar from the environment. They secret the royal jelly and can only synthesize the wax required for hive formation.


Male Bee

Male bee is also called drone which have size in betweem the worker bee and the queen.